GOVERNMENT OF INDlA
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 83
TO BE ANSWERED ON 23RD FEBRUARY, 2010
Prevalence of Polio in the Country
83. SHR I RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR:
Will the Minister of HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state:
(a) the number of polio cases in the country during the last three years, yearwise;
(b) whether it is a fact that India had the world's largest polio victims in 2009; and
(c) if so, the steps proposed to be taken by Government to eradicate this disease?
THE MINISTER OF HEALTH & FAMILY WELFARE
(SHRI GHULAM NABI AZAD)
(a) The number of polio cases in the country for the last three years, is as given:-
(e) As per the recommendations of IEAG, following activities are undertaken by the Government :-
- Two National Immunization Days (NIDs) are conducted every year III which 172 million children upto the age of 5 years are vaccinated.
- Sub Nationallmmunization Days (SNIDs) are conducted 5 to 7 times in a year in UP, Bihar, Delhi, Mumbai and other areas to cover high risk / migratory population.
- Mop Up rounds are conducted in and around the area where a polio case is detected.
- During the campaigns, children at bus stands, market places, major congregation points, railway stations and moving trains are vaccinated To immunize the population on the move.
- Newborn tracking is done to vaccinate them during the polio campaigns.
- Special plan has been chalked out to vaccinate children in high risk areas of Kosi Riverine Belt.
- Polio immunization as carried out during important events such as Chaath, festivals and other gatherings.
- Bivalent Oral Polio Vaccine has been introduced from January 2010 for the high risk areas.