GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Labour and Employment
STARRED QUESTION NO. *311
ANSWERED ON JULY 30, 2014
Jobs Created in Formal and Informal Sector
*311. SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR:
Will the Minister of LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT be pleased to state;
(a) the year-wise total number of jobs created in formal and informal sector since 2000-01; and
(b) the details of steps Government proposes to address the current trend of jobless growth?
MINISTER OF STEEL, MINES AND LABOUR & EMPLOYMENT
(SHRI NARENDRA SINGH TOMAR)
(a) to (b): A Statement is laid on the Table of the House.
STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a to b) OF RAJYA SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. *311 BY SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR REGARDING JOBS CREATED IN FORMAL AND INFORMAL SECTOR DUE FOR REPLY ON 30.7.2014.
(a): Based on results of the last four labour force surveys on employment and unemployment conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, estimated employment on usual status has increased from 39.70 crore persons in 1999-2000 to 47.41 crore in 2011-12, registering an increase of 7.71 crore. Of this increase in employment, 4.78 crore was in the informal sector and 2.93 crore in the formal sector.
(b): Government of India has been making constant efforts through the growth process, together with various public employment generation schemes like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Swarna Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) transformed into National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), and Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) to create additional employment opportunities. In addition, the government is promoting labour-intensive manufacturing and increasing employment opportunities by promoting tourism and agro-based industries. The 12th Five Year Plan projects 5 crore new work opportunities to be generated in the non-farm sector and skill certification to equivalent numbers. To improve exchange of employment related information in the labour market, the Government has also decided to convert the Employment Exchanges into Career Centres in collaboration with the State Governments for providing counseling services to the students and job-seekers along with other employment related assistance.