GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO 3451
TO BE ANSWERED ON 25.04.2008
Controlling of Polio .
SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR
Will the Minister of HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state:-
(a) whether a number of polio cases have been reported in the country during 2007 and so far during 2008 and the number of such cases reported from the States of U.P. and Bihar is quite high;
(b) the number of polio cases reported during 2007 and so far during 2008, States wise;
(c) whether the reasons for this state of affairs have been evaluated and if so, the details thereof; and
(d) the steps taken/ proposed to be taken to tackle the problem?
THE MINISTER OF STATE FOR HEALTH & FAMILY WELFARE
(SMT. PANABAKA LAKSHMI)
(a) Yes Sir. Number of Type 3 Polio case reported in 2007 and so far in 2008 is high in comparison to Type 3 polio cases reported in 2006.But number of Type 1 polio cases reported during same period is quite low in UP and Bihar.
(b)The number of Polio cases reported during 2007 and so far in 2008 is annexed.
(c) Yes Sir. National Polio Eradication Programme was reviewed by the India Expert Advisory Group on polio (IEAG) comprising of National and International Experts from World Health Organization (WHO), United Nation Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and Centre for Disease Control (CDC) Atlanta on 19-20th December, 2007. The observations of IEAG are as under:
The IEAG Recommended that in the first half of 2008 the activities should be undertaken with the objective of interrupting WPV1 transmission in the low transmission season, while maintaining good control of wild polio virus type 3 (WPV3).
(d) Following steps have been taken by the Government to tackle the problem :-
- National Immunization days were implemented in January and February, 2008. mOPV1 was used in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi and other high risk States and Districts and tOPV in other areas.
- Sub National Immunization Round was undertaken in March 2008 in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Mumbai and other areas at risk using mOPV3 on 30th March, 2008.
- MoP Up immunization rounds have been implemented in response to detection of Wild polio virus in the state of Maharashtra, Haryana, Orissa.
- 5 more Sub National Round is planned for implementation in UP, Bihar and other areas at risk during April, June, July, September and October, 2008.
To ensure quality of immunization rounds and to achieve high coverage following actions are taken:-
Social Mobilization activities are being intensified by involving the local influencers, community and religious leaders to improve community participation and acceptance of polio vaccine.
Number of Polio cases by state, 2007-08
State / UT’s