Rajeev Chandrasekhar's official website - Member of Parliament

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARERAJYA SABHA

UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 723
ANSWERED ON JULY 15, 2014

 QUESTION
Water-Borne Diseases

 723. SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR:

 Will the Minister of  HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state;

 (a)   the total number of reported cases of water-borne diseases in the country during the last three years, State-wise/UT-wise; 

(b)   how many of these incidents have resulted in the death of the affected people, State-wise/UT-wise; and

 (c)    the steps being taken by Government to reduce the number of waterborne diseases in the country?

ANSWER
THE MINISTER OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
(DR. HARSH VARDHAN)

(a) & (b): State/UT-wise number of cases and deaths reported due to major water-borne diseases such as Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases, Enteric Fever (Typhoid), Viral Hepatitis, Cholera and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES), as reported by State/UT Governments, during the years 2011, 2012 and 2013 are given in Annexures-I to V.

(c): Provision of safe drinking water is the main strategy to reduce the number of water-borne diseases. Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation supplements efforts of the States by providing technical and financial assistance under the centrally sponsored National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) for providing safe and adequate drinking water supply facilities in rural areas of the country. Further, 5% of NRDWP funds are earmarked and allocated to those States facing problems of chemical contamination in drinking water and with Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome affected high priority districts. Up to 67% of the NRDWP funds allocated to States can be utilized for tackling water quality problems in rural areas. In addition, Government of India provides 3% NRDWP funds on 100% central assistance basis to states for water quality monitoring and surveillance, which inter alia include taking up works relating to setting up of new or up-gradation of district/sub-district water quality testing laboratories, providing chemicals and consumables to laboratories, providing field test kits/refills to Gram Panchayats etc.

'Health' is a state subject and the responsibility for providing healthcare facilities to patients primarily lies with the respective State Governments. However, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare provides financial and technical assistance to State/UT Governments under National Health Mission (NHM) for strengthening of primary and secondary health care facilities to effectively respond to health care needs including health problems arising from consumption of contaminated drinking water. The financial assistance for this purpose is provided under NHM Mission Flexi pool as per the needs of States/UTs which are reflected in their annual Programme Implementation Plans (PIPs).

Further, National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Delhi provides technical assistance to State/UT Governments on prevention and control of water-borne diseases in carrying out investigation of outbreaks of such diseases under Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP). At the national level, NCDC also coordinates laboratory support for outbreak investigations, besides conducting regular training courses for development of trained manpower.

                                                                                                                                        Annexure-I

State/UT-Wise Cases and Deaths due to Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases reported during the years 2011-2013

S. No

States/U.T

2011

2012

2013*

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

1          

Andhra Pradesh

2235614

107

2092340

100

1721050

100

2          

Arunachal Pradesh

32228

11

44570

7

27659

3

3          

Assam

96816

16

134295

147

105876

147

4          

Bihar

130276

0

493559

8

550281

24

5          

Chhattisgarh

64575

5

108238

26

104966

37

6          

Goa

15146

2

13696

1

16485

0

7          

Gujarat

367450

0

410508

7

427523

8

8          

Haryana

224223

21

215111

27

166882

27

9          

Himachal Pradesh

310227

51

338708

58

355104

56

10      

Jammu & Kashmir

544711

0

550645

2

591231

1

11      

Jharkhand

98258

1

72170

6

78292

4

12      

Karnataka

591989

49

582347

84

139819

15

13      

Kerala

260938

0

360743

10

375122

11

14      

Madhya Pradesh

290705

92

488743

91

535012

89

15      

Maharashtra

507046

4

457001

1

527047

0

16      

Manipur

17605

39

27469

56

25333

37

17      

Meghalaya

148801

20

201819

19

186023

12

18      

Mizoram

16192

11

15957

7

13127

12

19      

Nagaland

30458

1

20939

0

21376

0

20      

Odisha

632493

143

743493

235

593207

201

21      

Punjab

190022

15

197059

27

183531

13

22      

Rajasthan

227571

7

508512

12

506638

18

23      

Sikkim

44094

2

53516

0

42410

1

24      

Tamil Nadu

210074

24

199930

17

278407

23

25      

Tripura

109777

83

98417

22

92826

17

26      

Uttarakhand

79643

26

101927

21

84792

12

27      

Uttar Pradesh

554770

185

740328

254

826246

272

28      

West Bengal

1854651

288

2033180

280

1830310

302

29      

A & N Islands

19679

0

33513

3

27413

0

30      

Chandigarh

42615

0

38218

0

44664

2

31      

D & N Haveli

81322

1

74007

0

62259

0

32      

Daman & Diu

12638

0

12559

0

8615

2

33      

Delhi

102983

62

136567

98

125727

61

34      

Lakshadweep

4693

0

5461

0

7496

0

35      

Puducherry

80766

3

96210

21

79751

28

Total

10231049

1269

11701755

1647

10762500

1535

(Source: 'National Health Profile' published by Central Bureau of Health Investigation, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India)

 * The figures of the year 2013 are provisional.

                                                                                                                                  Annexure-II 

State/UT-wise Cases and Deaths due to Enteric Fever (Typhoid) reported during the years 2011-2013

S. No

States/U.T

2011

2012

2013*

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

1          

Andhra Pradesh

180297

6

279816

37

233212

5

2          

Arunachal Pradesh

7885

9

11821

10

6154

4

3          

Assam

4541

5

12016

10

6521

0

4          

Bihar

14787

0

142341

3

261791

2

5          

Chhattisgarh

42115

1

54417

6

27457

2

6          

Goa

285

0

290

0

355

0

7          

Gujarat

14371

0

24325

0

22962

1

8          

Haryana

25469

1

34427

1

27182

0

9          

Himachal Pradesh

28074

2

40041

3

38572

2

10      

Jammu & Kashmir

82347

0

68157

0

70859

0

11      

Jharkhand

27009

3

19624

39

24806

7

12      

Karnataka

38727

2

55163

1

13457

7

13      

Kerala

3322

0

4670

1

4329

3

14      

Madhya Pradesh

32490

20

68280

29

114578

28

15      

Maharashtra

50095

1

71094

2

82852

1

16      

Manipur

5498

7

13731

5

10927

17

17      

Meghalaya

9235

2

6916

10

9134

1

18      

Mizoram

2270

1

2062

1

2766

3

19      

Nagaland

14962

2

10437

0

12520

0

20      

Odisha

59903

104

73087

89

53743

35

21      

Punjab

36263

9

42536

4

35136

5

22      

Rajasthan

7902

0

27018

4

31615

5

23      

Sikkim

551

0

401

0

186

0

24      

Tamil Nadu

50185

0

34611

0

31440

1

25      

Tripura

3553

0

6198

3

12849

1

26      

Uttarakhand

13760

1

28698

4

25956

0

27      

Uttar Pradesh

117537

80

143516

65

223066

161

28      

West Bengal

127180

34

143179

29

108695

39

29      

A & N Islands

1343

1

1340

1

1363

1

30      

Chandigarh

3190

0

3023

0

3251

0

31      

D & N Haveli

2269

0

2559

0

4323

0

32      

Daman & Diu

964

0

1265

0

888

0

33      

Delhi

42976

55

47957

71

31579

29

34      

Lakshadweep

14

0

5

0

3

0

35      

Puducherry

11077

0

2678

0

2591

1

Total

1062446

346

1477699

428

1537118

361

(Source: 'National Health Profile' published by Central Bureau of Health Investigation, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India)

 * The figures of the year 2013 are provisional.

                                                                                                                                                  Annexure-III 

State/UT-wise Cases and Deaths due to Viral Hepatitis reported during the years 2011-2013

S. No

States/U.T

2011

2012

2013*

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

1          

Andhra Pradesh

11050

61

7955

84

8325

33

2          

Arunachal Pradesh

636

4

1520

4

525

0

3          

Assam

2557

25

419

0

466

0

4          

Bihar

202

0

3094

2

6736

2

5          

Chhattisgarh

139

1

914

5

670

5

6          

Goa

118

0

92

0

173

0

7          

Gujarat

4328

0

4763

6

3676

6

8          

Haryana

2557

2

2686

1

1307

1

9          

Himachal Pradesh

1248

10

1310

17

2114

14

10      

Jammu & Kashmir

5129

2

5967

0

6307

0

11      

Jharkhand

384

2

983

0

1211

33

12      

Karnataka

6049

8

10789

26

1327

4

13      

Kerala

5336

7

8212

18

7034

8

14      

Madhya Pradesh

3851

12

12325

4

14055

11

15      

Maharashtra

5994

30

6175

21

5934

13

16      

Manipur

229

0

229

4

258

0

17      

Meghalaya

87

3

221

1

518

0

18      

Mizoram

812

14

914

15

419

10

19      

Nagaland

64

0

284

0

110

0

20      

Odisha

3272

89

5372

100

3119

76

21      

Punjab

5041

12

3323

0

3099

6

22      

Rajasthan

967

0

1595

7

1837

10

23      

Sikkim

484

0

667

6

692

1

24      

Tamil Nadu

5940

0

10628

0

1868

0

25      

Tripura

404

0

272

2

205

1

26      

Uttarakhand

3143

19

6499

16

8619

11

27      

Uttar Pradesh

7749

28

6345

12

9078

17

28      

West Bengal

5480

105

4097

102

4967

91

29      

A & N Islands

208

5

172

9

216

9

30      

Chandigarh

1309

0

1751

0

424

1

31      

D & N Haveli

269

0

159

0

90

2

32      

Daman & Diu

484

0

192

4

184

7

33      

Delhi

8347

68

8184

66

8130

130

34      

Lakshadweep

15

1

17

0

5

0

35      

Puducherry

520

12

755

19

447

10

Total

94402

520

118880

551

104145

512

(Source: 'National Health Profile' published by Central Bureau of Health Investigation, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India) 

* The figures of the year 2013 are provisional.

                                                                                                                                         Annexure-IV

State/UT-wise Cases and Deaths due to Cholera reported during the years 2011-2013 

S. No

States/U.T

2011

2012

2013*

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

1          

Andhra Pradesh

227

0

109

0

31

0

2          

Arunachal Pradesh

0

0

0

0

0

0

3          

Assam

0

0

0

0

0

0

4          

Bihar

0

0

0

0

0

0

5          

Chhattisgarh

1

0

13

0

2

0

6          

Goa

0

0

0

0

0

0

7          

Gujarat

79

0

71

0

327

1

8          

Haryana

1

0

16

0

16

0

9          

Himachal Pradesh

0

0

3

0

0

0

10      

Jammu & Kashmir

0

0

0

0

0

0

11      

Jharkhand

0

0

0

0

9

0

12      

Karnataka

166

0

175

0

105

0

13      

Kerala

19

1

4

1

22

0

14      

Madhya Pradesh

0

0

12

0

8

0

15      

Maharashtra

210

2

317

0

247

1

16      

Manipur

0

0

0

0

0

0

17      

Meghalaya

0

0

0

0

0

0

18      

Mizoram

0

0

0

0

0

0

19      

Nagaland

0

0

0

0

0

0

20      

Odisha

0

0

0

0

0

0

21      

Punjab

9

0

0

0

0

0

22      

Rajasthan

0

0

0

0

5

0

23      

Sikkim

0

0

0

0

0

0

24      

Tamil Nadu

580

0

523

0

93

3

25      

Tripura

0

0

0

0

0

0

26      

Uttarakhand

0

0

0

0

1

0

27      

Uttar Pradesh

9

0

0

0

91

0

28      

West Bengal

652

0

181

0

120

0

29      

A & N Islands

0

0

0

0

0

0

30      

Chandigarh

0

0

0

0

0

0

31      

D & N Haveli

8

0

33

0

25

0

32      

Daman & Diu

0

0

0

0

0

0

33      

Delhi

380

7

111

0

22

0

34      

Lakshadweep

0

0

0

0

0

0

35      

Puducherry

0

0

15

0

3

0

Total

2341

10

1583

1

1127

5

(Source: 'National Health Profile' published by Central Bureau of Health Investigation, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India)

 * The figures of the year 2013 are provisional.

                                                                                                                                   Annexure-V 

State/UT-wise number of Cases and Deaths due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) reported during the years 2011 – 2013 

S. No

States/U.T

2011

2012

2013*

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

1          

Andhra Pradesh

73

1

64

0

345

3

2          

Assam

1319

250

1343

229

1388

272

3          

Bihar

821

197

745

275

417

143

4          

Delhi

9

0

0

0

0

0

5          

Goa

91

1

84

0

48

1

6          

Haryana

90

14

5

0

2

0

7          

Jharkhand

303

19

16

0

270

5

8          

Karnataka

397

0

189

1

162

0

9          

Kerala

88

6

29

6

53

6

10      

Maharashtra

35

9

37

20

0

0

11      

Manipur

11

0

2

0

1

0

12      

Nagaland

44

6

21

2

20

0

13      

Punjab

0

0

0

0

0

0

14      

Tamil Nadu

762

29

935

64

77

8

15      

Tripura

0

0

0

0

211

0

16      

Uttarakhand

0

0

174

2

0

0

17      

Uttar Pradesh

3492

579

3484

557

3096

609

18      

West Bengal

714

58

1216

100

1735

226

Total

8249

1169

8344

1256

7825

1273

(Source: 'Directorate of National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Delhi, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India)