GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT
STARRED QUESTION NO.*72
TO BE ANSWERED ON 08.02.2018
TRAFFICKING OF GIRLS
Will the Minister of WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT be pleased to state:
(a) whether Government is aware that despite under-reporting, trafficking of minor girls has surged 14 times during the last decade and there was 52.8 percent increase in the procuration of minor girls during the year 2015 in comparison to 2014;
(b) whether the Ministry is aware of the true size of the problem;
(c) if so, the details thereof and if not, the reasons therefor; and
(d) whether Government considers taking up the issue of trafficking urgently by using technology and creating an inter-ministerial group to tackle the scourge?
MINISTER OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT
(SHRIMATI MANEKA SANJAY GANDHI)
(a) to (d): A statement is laid on the table of the House.
STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (a) TO (d) OF THE RAJYA SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. *72 FOR 08.02.2018 REGARDING “TRAFFICKING OF GIRLS” BY SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR
(a) to (c): As per Ministry of Home Affairs, National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) the total number of cases of ‘Procuration of minor girls’ has risen from 231 in the year 2006 to 2465 in the year 2016. Further, number of cases of Procuration of minor girls during the year 2014 was 2,020 which increased to 3,087 in the year 2015 i.e. 52.8 per cent increase (Annexure- I). The Government is seized of the problem as trafficking in human beings is one of the largest organized crime violating basic human rights. Trafficking in human beings may be for sexual exploitation and many other forms including forced labor etc. As per NCRB report 2015 there is an increase of 25.8% in cases of human trafficking (6,877 cases in 2015 compared to 5,466 cases in 2014) during 2015 over 2014 (Annexure- II).
(d): The Government is open to all options for controlling the menace of trafficking. In tune with the directions of the Supreme Court of India in Writ Petition (C) 56 of 2004, an Inter- ministerial Committee (IMC) with concerned stake holders, Ministries/ departments of Government of India along with representatives of some State/UT Governments and CSOs under the Chairpersonship of Secretary, Women and Child Development has been constituted to tackle the menace of trafficking.
Statement referred to Starred Question No. 72 to be answered on 08.02.2018 Annexure-I
|State/UT-wise Cases of Procuration of Minor Girls (Section 366B IPC) during 2006, 2014-2016|
|10||Jammu & Kashmir||0||0||1||0|
|30||A & N Islands||0||0||0||0|
|33||Daman & Diu||0||0||0||0|
|TOTAL (ALL INDIA)||231||2020||3087||2465|
|Source: Crime in India|
Statement referred to Starred Question No. 72 to be answered on 08.02.2018 Annexure -II
Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (Incidence: 2,641 Rate: 0.2)
Cases under this Act have registered an increase of 0.9% during the year 2015 as compared to the previous year (2,317 cases). 1,303 cases were reported in Assam followed by West Bengal (1,003 cases). MAXIMUM CASES OF procuration of minor girls were reported in Assam (1,303 cases) followed by West Bengal (1,003 cases), Bihar (305 cases) and Haryana (190 cases) during 2015.
Table – 6A(A)
Crime Head-wise Incidence of Various Crimes under Human Trafficking during 2011-2015 and Percentage Variation in 2015 over 2014
|Sl.no.||Crime Head||Year||Percentage Variation in 2015 over 2014|
|1||Procuration of Minor Girls (Sec.366-A IPC)||862||809||1,224||2,020||3,087||52.8|
|2||Importation of Girls from Foreign Country (Sec. 366B IPC)||80||59||31||13||6||53.8|
|3||Selling of Minors for Prostitution (Sec. 372 IPC) #||113||108||100||82||111||35.4|
|4||Buying of Minor for Prostitution (Sec. 373 IPC) #||27||15||6||14||11||-21.4|
|5||Immoral Trafficking (Prevention) Act 1956||2,435||2,563||2,579||2,617||2,641||0.9|
|6||Human Trafficking (Sec. 370 and 370 A IPC)||-||-||-||720||1,021||41.8|
|Total Cases of Human Trafficking||3,517||3,554||3,940||5,466||6,877||25.8|
A total of 511 cases were registered in Tamil Nadu followed by Karnataka (423). Under the Immoral Traffic (P) Act, maximum cases were registered under section 5 of IT (P) Act (1,287 cases) followed by section 8 of IT (P) Act (300 cases), section 7 of IT (P) Act (182 cases) and section 6 of IT (P) Act (85 cases) Out of 300 cases registered under section 8 0f the IT (P) Act (relating to seducing or soliciting for the purposes of prostitution), maximum such cases were reported in Maharashtra (140 cases) followed by Kerala (63 cases) and Karnataka (48 cases), these three States together accounted for 83.7% of total such cases. Out of 1,287 cases registered under section 5 of the IT (P) Act (relating to procuring or inducing of taking persons for purpose of prostitution), maximum such cases were reported in Tamil Nadu (351 cases) followed by Telangana (244 cases), Karnataka (207 cases) and Maharashtra (126 cases), these four States together accounted for 70.5% total such cases.
Procuration of Minor Girls (Sec. 366A IPC) (Incidence: 3,087 Rate: 0.2)
Cases under this head have increased by 52.8% during the year 2015 as compared to the previous year (2,020 cases). A total of Buying of Minors for Prostitution (Sec. 373 IPC).
(Incidence: 11 Rate: Negligible)
Cases of buying of minor for prostitution have decreased by 21.4% during the year 2015 in comparison to the previous year (14 cases). Since 2014, data is collected under ‘Buying of minor for prostitution’ whereas in previous edition it was collected under ‘Buying of girls for prostitution’.
A total of 7 cases in Maharashtra followed by 2 cases in Uttar Pradesh and 1 case each in Haryana and Telangana were registered under this crime head during 2015.
Selling of Minors for Prostitution (Sec.372 IPC) (Incidence: 111 Rate: Negligible)
A total of 111 cases of selling of minors for prostitution were registered in the country during 2015 as against 82 such cases in 2014, thus indicating an increase of 35.4% during 2015 over 2014. West Bengal has reported 91 such cases accounting for 82.0% of total such cases registered during 2015.