Rajeev Chandrasekhar's official website - Member of Parliament

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution
DEPARTMENT OF FOOD AND PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION 

RAJYA SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 2238
ANSWERED ON AUGUST 30, 2013 

QUESTION
Shortage of Food Grains Storage Facilities
 

2238. SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR: 

Will the Minister of CONSUMER AFFAIRS, FOOD AND PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION be pleased to state; 

(a)   the quantity of rice and wheat procured annually for PDS during last five years. year-wise; 

(b)   the gross expenditure incurred in grain procurement, including the average price to farmer for procurement of wheat and rice, for the last five years, year-wise;

 (c)    whether Government is aware of the huge food grains losses in several regions of the country due to shortage of storage facilities: and

 (d)   if so, the details of these losses for the last five years, State-wise and year-wise, and the steps the Government has taken or proposes to take to remedy the situation?

ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR CONUSMER AFFAIRS,
FOOD & PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION
(PROF. K. V. THOMAS)

(a): Food grains procured under Central Pool are used for distribution under Public Distribution System (PDS) and Other Welfare Schemes (OWS). The quantity of wheat and rice procured during last five years is as under:

Rice

Fig in Lakh MT.

KMS 2007-08

263.00

KMS 2008-09

341.04

KMS 2009-10

320.26

KMS 2010-11

341.97

KMS 2011-12

350.41

(KMS – Kharif Marketing Season)


Wheat

Fig in Lakh MT.

RMS 2007-08

226.89

RMS 2008-09

253.82

RMS 2009-10

225.14

RMS 2010-11

281.44

RMS 2011-12

381.48

(RMS – Rabi Marketing Season)

(b): Details of gross expenditure incurred on procurement of wheat and rice during the last five years are at Annexure-I. The Minimum Support Price (MSP) paid to the farmers for procurement of wheat and rice during last five years are at
Annexure-II.

(c) and (d): All precautionary measures are taken to preserve the quality of procured food grains, however,  some quantity of food grains may get damaged due to various reasons such as storage pest attack, leakages in roof, exposure to moisture in case of unscientific storage, floods or negligence on the part of persons concerned. State-wise details of food grains accrued as non-issuable/damaged in FCI during last three years is at Annexure-III. Steps taken by Government to avoid damage of food grains during storage are at Annexure-IV.

Annexure-I 

ANNEXURE REFERRED T0 IN REPLY TO PART (b) OF THE UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 2238 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 30.08.2013 IN THE RAJYA SABHA

 

Gross expenditure incurred in grain procurement of Wheat and
Rice during last five years, year-wise.

WHEAT- Rabi Marketing Season

(Rupees in Crore)

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

22882.00

31462.00

28470.00

38613.00

56978.00

RICE-Kharif Marketing Season

(Rupees in Crore)

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

32928.65

47887.00

53301.00

55780.00

70763.00

Kharif Marketing Season (KMS) – 1st October to 30th September

Rabi Marketing Season (RMS) - 1st April to 30th June.

Annexure-II

ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (b) OF THE UNSTARRJED QUESTION NO. 2238 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 30.08.2013 IN THE RAJYA SABHA

The Minimum Support Price paid to farmer for procurement of Wheat and Rice, for the last five years, year-wise

(Rate in rupees per quintal)

 

Marketing year

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

MSP + Bonus

Wheat

850

1000

1080

1100

1170

1285

Paddy Gr. A

775

930

1030

1030

1110

1280

Paddy Common

745

900

1000

1000

1080

1250

Annexure-III

ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (c) & (d) OF THE UNSTARRJED QUESTION NO. 2238 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 30.08.2013 IN THE RAJYA SABHA 

REGION WISE DETAILS OF THE FOOD GRAIN ACCURED AS DAMAGED / NON-ISSUABLE IN FCI DURING LAST THREE YEARS AND CURRENT YEAR 

(Figures in tons)

S. No

Region

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

1.

Bihar

200

0

997.61

2.

Jharkhand

39

29

3.43

3.

Orissa

18

36

1

4.

West Bengal

922

477

45

5.

Assam

49

442

51.54

6.

North East Frontier (NEF)

175

0

195

7.

Nagaland & Manipur

1

0

0

8.

Delhi

1

10.9

39.86

9.

Haryana

53

0

148.04

10.

Jammu & Kashmir

0

0

0

11.

Punjab

182

37

123

12.

Rajasthan

21

30

120.83

13.

Uttar Pradesh

520

258

18.3

14.

Uttarakhand

1338

72

221

15.

Andhra Pradesh

3

4.33

24.72

16.

Kerala

99

200

0

17.

Karnataka

17

0

141.77

18.

Tamil Nadu

12

29

749.66

19.

Gujarat

2595

226

195

20.

Maharashtra

97

1473

61

21.

Madhya Pradesh

2

0

3.02

22.

Chhattisgarh

2

13.78

8.98

 

Total

6346

3338.01

3148.76


Annexure-IV

ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (c) & (d) OF THE UNSTARRJED QUESTION NO. 2238 DUE FOR ANSWER ON 30.08.2013 IN THE RAJYA SABHA 

STEPS TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT TO AVOID DAMAGE OF FOOD GRAINS DURING STORAGE

The following precautionary and remedial steps are mandated to be followed by F.C.I. and State Government agencies to check damages to central pool stocks of food grains:

(i) All godowns are to be constructed as per specifications.

(ii) Food grains are to be stored by adopting proper scientific code of storage practices.

(iii) Adequate dunnage materials such as wooden crates, bamboo mats, polythene sheets are to be used to check migration of moisture from the floor.

(iv) Fumigation covers, nylon ropes, nets and insecticides for control of stored grain insect pests are to be provided in all the godowns.

(v) Prophylactic (spraying of insecticides) and curative treatments (fumigation) are to be carried out regularly and timely in godowns for the control of stored grain insect pests.

(vi) Effective rat control measures, both in covered godowns as well as in CAP storage are to be used.

 

(vii)  Food grains in ‘Cover and Plinth' (CAP) storage are to be stored on elevated plinths and wooden crates are to be wed as dunnage material. Stacks are to be properly covered with specifically fabricated low-density black polythene water-proof covers and tied with nylon ropes/nets.

(viii) Regular periodic inspections of the stocks/godowns are to be undertaken by qualified and trained staff including senior officers.

(ix)  The principle of "First in First Out" (FIFO) is to be: followed to the extent possible so as to avoid longer storage of food grains in godowns.

(x)Only covered rail wagons are to be used for movement of food grains so as to avoid damage during transit.