GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
DEPARTMENT OF FERTILISERS
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO.747
TO BE ANSWERED ON 10.7.2009
Shortage of Fertilizers
747. SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR:
Will the Minister of CHEMICALS AND FERTILISERS be pleased to state:
(a) the steps taken/being taken by Government to address the shortage of fertilisers, which could result in fall in agricultural output; and
(b) the reasons for this shortage and the steps taken by Government to address the discontent and grievances of farmers caused thereby?
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF CHEMICALS & FERTILIZERS
(SHRI SRIKANT KUMAR JENA)
(a) & (b): Government have approved the New Pricing Scheme(NPS) Stage Ill implemented with effect from 1.10.2006. Under the NPS III, the effort is to reach urea to each and every State. The subsidy on urea will be paid only when it reaches the district, The urea is allotted as per monthly requirement projected by State Government through Department of Agriculture & Cooperation. The requirement of urea is met through indigenous production and gap between demand assessment and indigenous production is met through imports.
Urea is the only fertilizer which is under partial movement and distribution control of the Government, All other fertilizers viz. DAP, MOP, SSP and NPK etc. are decontrolled/ do-canalized since 1992. The availability of Phosphatic and Potassic fertilizers is decided by the market forces of demand and supply. Department of Fertilisers gives State-wise/month- wise supply plan indicated by manufacturers/Importers of these fertilizers as per the requirement and ensures availability through the instrument of subsidy.
The month-wise requirement, (demand), availability (supply) and sales of Urea, DAP MOP and complex fertilizers in the country during the period April, 2009 to June, 2009 of current Kharif, 2009 season is annexed. As can be seen, availability of Urea, DAP & MOP is comfortable but there is some tightness of complex fertilizers because of low level of indigenous production.