Rajeev Chandrasekhar's official website - Member of Parliament

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Home Affairs 

RAJYA SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 313
ANSWERED ON THE JULY 9, 2014 / ASHADHA 18, 1936 (SAKA)

 QUESTION
Low Police Per Capita in India

 313. SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR:

 Will the Minister of HOME AFFAIRS be pleased to state: 

(a)   whether it is a fact that the police per capita in India is extremely low as compared to the global average;

 (b)   if so, the State-wise details thereof; and

 (c)    the steps proposed to be taken by Government to increase the number of police personnel, especially given the increasing crime incidents in the country?

ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
(SHRI KIREN RIJIJU)

(a) & (b): As per data compiled by the Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D) as on 1.1.2013, the sanctioned and actual strength of police personnel at all India level per one lakh population (police-population ratio) in India is 181.47 and 136.42 respectively. The State-wise details of police-population ratio in India as on 1.1.2013 is at Annexure.

No information as to the police and population ratio of other countries is being compiled by BPR&D. However, as per report prepared by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime on 'International Statistics on Crime and Justice' available on the website of the United Nations,  released in 2010, several countries such as Canada (191.4), Italy (549.9), Japan (199.8), New Zealand (187.0), Spain (313.0), USA (223.6), have higher police-population ratio than India during the year 2006.

(c): As 'Police' and 'Law and Order' are State subjects, falling in Entry 1 and 2 of Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India, it is the responsibility of the State Governments to ensure adequate provision of police personnel. The State Governments have been advised from time to time by the Ministry of Home Affairs to fill up the vacancies in the State Police Forces. Besides, the Ministry of Home Affairs has been through a Scheme for Modernisation of State Police Forces (MPF Scheme) providing assistance to supplement the efforts of the State Governments in modernizing their police infrastructure and enhance their operational capability, especially for tackling the emerging challenges to ·internal security.

Page 1 of 1 of ANNEXURE

 

State-wise Police Population Ratio as on 1.1.2013 *
(Sanctioned and Actual)

 

Sl. No

States/ UTs

Total Police per one lakh of Population

 

 

Sanctioned

Actual

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

1         

Andhra Pradesh 

150.38

112.85

2         

Arunachal Pradesh 

1010.53

876.17

3         

Assam 

200.03

177.73

4         

Bihar 

88.10

68.81

5         

Chhattisgarh 

268.92

184.50

6         

Goa 

385.38

288.14

7         

Gujarat 

188.15

113.16

8         

Haryana 

236.33

150.35

9         

Himachal Pradesh 

249.31

208.05

10     

Jammu & Kashmir 

654.69

606.43

11     

Jharkhand 

229.05

178.36

12     

Karnataka 

150.98

117.41

13     

Kerala 

150.86

142.39

14     

Madhya Pradesh 

122.19

104.92

15     

Maharashtra 

181.99

170.01

16     

Manipur 

1279.63

982.32

17     

Meghalaya 

492.36

423.98

18     

Mizoram 

1099.32

999.12

19     

Nagaland 

1060.35

1057.99

20     

Orissa 

137.58

109.81

21     

Punjab 

282.24

220.62

22     

Rajasthan 

134.45

124.67

23     

Sikkim 

973.72

634.62

24     

Tamil Nadu 

168.97

138.62

25     

Tripura 

742.30

645.04

26     

Uttar Pradesh 

178.48

81.01

27     

Uttarakhand 

198.61

175.35

28     

West Bengal 

120.40

77.76

29     

A&N Islands 

453.25

732.23

30     

Chandigarh 

507.94

459.29

31     

D&N Haveli 

86.32

71.32

32     

Daman & Diu 

141.87

85.12

33     

Delhi 

420.49

391.33

34     

Lakshadweep 

453.25

358.44

35     

Puducherry 

265.70

177.34

 

All India 

181.47

136.42