GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Human Resource Development
DEPARTMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 1933
ANSWERED ON FEBRUARY 10, 2014
Endangered Languages in Karnataka
1933. SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR:
Will the Minister of HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT be pleased to state;
(a) the details of endangered languages identified in Karnataka which are flagged for attention, region-wise;
(b) whether Government is aware that nearly 17 non-tribal, non-scheduled languages spoken in Karnataka have not been brought on record in the census statistics and are facing the threat of becoming extinct; and
(c) If so, the remedial action taken by Government to ensure these languages doesn’t become extinct?
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
(a): According to the UNESCO list of endangered languages in India, the following languages/mother tongues of Karnataka are endangered: Badaga which is also spoken in Tamil Nadu, Bellari, Kodagu, Koraga and Tulu. The following languages/mother tongues have been identified to be documented by the Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL) Mysore.
Kuruba Mysore district
Hakkipikki Nomads- spread across Karnataka
Toda In and around Nilgiri Hills
Kota In and around Nilgiri Hills
Koraga Udipi, Mangalore and Kollegala regions
Soliga Mysore, Hunsur and Chamrajnagar districts
Bellara/Bellari Udipi district
Kutia/Kudla Chikamagalur, Udipi and Kodagu district.
(b) and (c): The Government of India has initiated a Scheme known as “Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of India”. Under this Scheme, the CIIL will document all the tribal, non-tribal and non-scheduled languages/mother tongues of Karnataka spoken by less than ten thousand persons. The Institute has already started working on documentation of three languages/mother tongues of Karnataka, namely, Hakkipikki, Kuruba/Kurumba and Kutiya/Kudiya. The CIIL, in collaboration with the Tribal Research Institute, Karnataka, has further initiated the documentation of six of the mother tongues/languages of Karnataka, namely, Asalaru, Siddi, Iruliga, Malaikudiya, Maratta and Tokri Koli, in the current financial year.