GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Department of Health and Family Welfare
STARRED QUESTION NO. 554
TO BE ANSWERED ON 4rH MAY, 2010
Child Deaths Under Five Years Age
*554. SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR:
Will the Minister of HEALTH AND FAM I L Y WELFARE be pleased to state:
(a) the number of child deaths under the age of five years in the last three years, year-wise;
(b) the reasons therefor;
(c) whether it is a fact that the number of under five child deaths in India is one of the highest in the world; and
(d) if so, the steps Government has taken/proposes to take to prevent the incidences of such deaths"
THE MINISTER OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
(SHRI GHULAM NABI AZAD)
(a)to(d): A statement is laid on the Table of the House.
STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO RAJYA SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 554 FOR 4TH MAY, 2010
(a) Data regarding child deaths are available through the Sample Registration System (SRS) of the Registrar General of India (RGI) While Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) was provided by RGI regularly, the Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) was provided by RGI for the first time in SRS 2008, and was reported as 69 per 1000 live births.
The National Family Health Survey also conducts periodical surveys where the Under Five Mortality rate (U5MR) is captured. The U5MR reported in the various NFHS survey's arc as under:-
U5MR per 1000
(b) As per the World Health Organization (WHO) Report 2007, the major causes of under five mortality in India are, neo natal causes such as birth asphyxia, severe infections, prematurity etc (45 %), diarrhoeal diseases (20%), acute respiratory infections (9%), measles (4%) and others 12%.
(c) As per the State of the World's Children UNICEF Report, 201&, India ranks at 49th out-of 193 countries in the descending order of the Under Five Mortality Rate (USMR).
(d) Under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) (2005-2012), the Reproductive and Child Health Programme Phase II, interventions taken up to improve child health and reduce morbidity and mortality are under:-